Nobel International Business School, East Legon
Title: The Climate Change Vulnerability and Risk Management Matrix for the Coastal Zone of The Gambia
Joshua Amuzu Conduct environmental research on topics such as Climate Change Adaptation, Mitigation, Vulnerability Assessment and Livelihood improvement at the household to the regional level. Carry out research on climate change and its variability (i.e. drought and flooding) as it affects crop and animal husbandry in West Africa. Conduct climate change education and environmental protection through a weekly radio program. Conduct consultancy services for institutions and published four research articles in international peer-reviewed journals like mdpi.org.
Global Climate Change is one of the dire challenges facing the international community today. Coastal zones are vulnerable to its impacts. An effective approach with long-term prospects in addressing climate change impacts is it’s mainstreaming into development agenda of sectoral policies. A comprehensive risk and vulnerability assessment is a pre-requisite to ensure that the right adaptive response is taken for effective integration into developmental plans. The objective of this study is to evaluate and prioritize risks, vulnerability and adaptation issues of current and anticipated impacts of climate change on the coastal zone of The Gambia. The study will also give a methodological contribution for assessing risks, vulnerability and adaptation from the sub-national to local levels. The relevance of this study will be to create a link between the sub-national and local levels in order to facilitate the integration and mainstreaming of climate change into sectoral and local policies for more climate-resilient communities. This will aid in the promotion of strategic investment of constrained developmental resources to actualize successfully dynamic coping strategies, elude ‘maladaptation’ and less compelling responsive measures. A purposive expert sampling technique was used in selecting respondents for the study. A workshop was organized for the development and validation of the impact risk and vulnerability matrix for the study area. Later, stakeholder consultations were made for further information to support the results. To minimize the error associated with this sampling technique, a quota of 20 experts were selected from each institution for the workshop. 100 experts were engaged in the workshop. The ï¬ndings of the study reveal that by the end of the 21st century, the climatic variables likely to have the highest impact on the coastal zone of The Gambia are ‘increased ï¬‚ood severity’ and ‘increased temperature’. The coastal zone of The Gambia showed a high vulnerability to these climate change variables. The suggested adaptive response in addressing the impacts of increased ï¬‚ood intensity in the study area includes; improving regulations for restricting agriculture and livestock grazing activities to improve land cover; strengthening of early-warning systems, among others. The suggested adaptive response in addressing the increase in temperature includes: increase crop diversiï¬cation and rotation to reduce total crop failure; switching to drought-tolerant crop and animal species, among others.