The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
The Earth's climate mainly revolves around the two common terms such as Weather and Climate. Generally, Weather researches exploits the short term events such as the formation, movement and prediction of the common weather results like low pressure and hurricanes while the climate researches concerned with the long term prediction of the atmosphere, which whirls around the queries like Possibilities, frequencies and intensities of the Hurricanes. The Climate change and the Climatic conditions have impacts on human since we appeared on planet. For example, the glaciation of earth will reduce the human to a tiny population. The climate system involves the three main factors of the atmosphere i.e. the solar radiation, Temperature changes, and the Climate variability based on physical and biological conditions. Energy balance is found to be one of the key important factor in understanding climatic system where about 49% of sun’s radiation is absorbed by the earth surface and 20% is absorbed by the atmosphere. This energy in the form of radiation warms the earth in which the warming of earth cause radiating energy back into space.
- Track 1-1Energy Balance
- Track 1-2Earthly Temperature Balance
- Track 1-3Solar Heating of the Planet
- Track 1-4Glaciation and Land Response
- Track 1-5Climate Variability
Climate change, a marvel that basically characterized as the radical change in climate conditions or variety of time in climate conditions for a more extended period due to either by regular or human exercises. The fluctuations in the atmospheric pressure and the response in change of emission of gases recorded by the barometric measurements show the high emission of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxides and halocarbons which are highly emerge by the human activities. The atmospheric properties not only involves the temperature and atmospheric pressure, it also involves the level of sea, condition of the ocean and glaciers.
- Track 2-1Barometric Response
- Track 2-2Greenhouse Gases: Cause of Climate Change
- Track 2-3Climate Variables and Space Monitoring
- Track 2-4Effective Habituation
- Track 2-5Climate Change and Viability
In the mean state and the measurable premise, the event of climatic variations happened because of the radioactive compelling as well as because of the progressions in inner interaction between the segments in atmospheric framework. Therefore a discrimination studies between the internal and external natural variabilities is much needed one. Externally incited atmosphere variation, basically reacts to expanded scope of space and time scales. An effect of sun based radiation on environmental surface is one of the case of externally incited atmosphere variation. Without outer inducement, the climatic variation will happen naturally with various reaction time and non-linear collaborations. This sort of variety is known as Internally activated climate variety typically Termed as El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) that occurs between the environment and the ocean in tropical pacific where the time go goes on for 6 to year and a half. Natural changes in the earth orbit that has occurring over a period of thousand years is also one of the causes of climatic change. It also involves Pacific decadal Oscillation (PDO) which naturally occurs due to the fluctuation in oceans and the phase lasts for more than 20 years.
- Track 3-1Natural Climate Inconstancy
- Track 3-2Evaluation
- Track 3-3ENSO
- Track 3-4PDO
- Track 3-5Non- Linearities
- Track 3-6Radiative Forcing
A term which is used to define the study of past climates. Since, studying of past climate by going back to time is not possible, scientists and researchers have used indentations to study the past climate known as intermediaries such as animals, corals and the sediments. Data collected from the intermediaries interpret with the modern climate and incorporated in a climate model to predict the future climatic conditions. Foraminifera, a common name used to describe diatoms and forams which serves as the main precursor of detecting past climatic conditions by the sedimentary content of the shells of diatoms and forams. Other proxies, that are mainly used to study the past climatic condition also includes the thickness of the tree rings, sedimented cores, ice core records and by the variations in marine organisms. In the pal-Eocene age that is 55.5 million years ago, the earth seems to be 8o warmer than today in which there is larger amount of CO2 was found.
- Track 4-1Dendroclimatology
- Track 4-2Sedimentary Content
- Track 4-3Sclerochronology
- Track 4-4Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum
Other than regular exercises, environmental change is exceedingly affected by the created innovations and expanding in higher rates of human activities. The light from the sun would not go straight to the world's surface it was going through the mists of air and cloud, afterward get emanated back as Infrared Heat. Among 90% of this warmth is consumed by the greenhouse gases which keeps the earth at a normal warming which can be adequate for survival. In any case, these days, because of some anthropogenic activities, for example, mining which prompts increase in high methane, the industrial manure that we are using leads to high concentration release of CO2 and deforestation that prompts low oxygen supply. The industrial movement highly prompts the expansion of carbon dioxide emergence level of 250 ppm to 400 ppm over the most recent 100 years.
- Track 5-1Fracking
- Track 5-2Incineration and Dirty Manure
- Track 5-3Industrial Progression
- Track 5-4Desertification
Numerous indications of logical changes demonstrate that the Earth's atmosphere is evolving. The most recent data from the measures of observed environmental change represent an overwhelmingly convincing story of a planet that is experiencing an unnatural weather change. In reality, the earth is getting hotter. In the period of recent 50 years the normal worldwide surface temperature has ascended. Globally, surface temperature, ocean heat content and humidity are increased. For researchers examining the effects of environmental change, such inquiries and answers are always being modified and more data is assembled, models are adjusted, and criticisms are better appreciated.
- Track 6-1Sea -Surface Temperature
- Track 6-2Glacier Aggregate Balance
- Track 6-3Ocean Heat Content
- Track 6-4Excess Humidity
- Track 6-5Change in Rainfall Patterns
Most of the researchers state that the drastic change in the climate is due to the Expansion of Greenhouse effect: A scenario that involves the increase in the concentration of Greenhouse Gases such as Water vapor, CO2, Methane, Nitrous oxides and Chlorofluorocarbons. The rise in level of gases is highly due to the increased human activities such as burning Fossil fuels like coal and oil. This leads to increasing the warming of the earth’s surface than the average survival heat.
- Track 7-1Sea Level Rise
- Track 7-2Immense Crop Failures
- Track 7-3Oceanic Current Changes
- Track 7-4Solar Irradiation
- Track 7-5Global Warming
Climatic models is the mathematical representation of the atmosphere, ocean, ice and vegetation. In case of human induced climate change, the climatic models are used to resolve and to find the amount of warming increased and also attributed to study how climate will change in future. Climate models are used to simulate the past climate and involves the prediction of future climate based on the projection of Man- Made greenhouse gases. Researchers have developed climatic models on the basis of a computer software in which the output archives were stored in a CMIP. On the other hand, the data’s of sea and ocean were stored in an another archive called AMIP.
- Track 8-1Coupled Model Intercomparison Project
- Track 8-2Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project
- Track 8-3GISS Climate Model
- Track 8-4Emission Scenarios
Climate change is already having an eminent effects on ecosystem, economies and societies as well. This not only involve the moist winters but on some areas the temperature is found to be very high and the other cools moderately. Climate change results in acute weather conditions which leads to flooding, Drought. Intense violent storms and extreme summer will also be the result of unusual energy stored in atmosphere. One of the most important and serious impact of climate change is how it affects the water bodies around the world in which water is well knotted with other resources such as health, food supply, industry, transportation and biological integrity. These changes may also leads to the transmission of deadly diseases and water scarcity.
- Track 9-1Food Supply and Resources
- Track 9-2Health Issues
- Track 9-3Moving of Biological Systems
- Track 9-4Social Problems
- Track 9-5Biodiversity Risks
Climate change has created enormous amount of impacts on the earth especially in case of environment the issues arising are intense heat waves, ascending sea levels, variations in precipitation which gave way for flooding and droughts, extreme hurricanes and deteriorated air condition that has impact both directly and indirectly to the physical and physiological health. In order to reduce all this risks Mitigation and Adaptation is needed. Environmental consequences is the most standout impact when compared to others.
- Track 10-1Mitigation
- Track 10-2Adaptation
- Track 10-3Sociology
- Track 10-4Ecological Exploitation
- Track 10-5Biodiversity
The Atmosphere is a mix of nitrogen (78%), oxygen (21%), and diverse gasses (1%) that incorporates the earth. Natural pollution is of different sorts: Air pollution, Water pollution, Noise pollution, Light pollution, Thermal pollution, Radioactive pollution, Soil pollution, Visual pollution. Natural defilement suggests spoiling of an organic group and the including atmosphere towards partitioned kinds of toxins (Chemicals energies). Environmental change alludes to the variety in typical climate designs caused because of pollution. The issue of ecological pollution and environmental change has turned into a universal worry because of their horrible impacts to the physical and natural elements of the earth.
- Track 11-1Air Pollution and its Effects
- Track 11-2Thermal Pollution and its Impacts
- Track 11-3Radioactive Pollution
- Track 11-4Climate Oscillations
- Track 11-5Plastic Pollution
Recent survey in the year of 2017 has reported that the changes in weather leads to have a intense effect on the agriculture which leads to 1.5 percent loss in India’s GDP. This loss or impact is due to the acute climatic conditions that mainly affects the three aspects of the food security: Possibility, Approach and Consumption. Every year the change in weather conditions have 4 to 9 percent effect on agriculture. Higher changes in CO2 levels for some crops helps in increased growth while in case of some crops it reduce the Nutritional values of the crops and it may cause ill effects on food supply.
- Track 12-1Consequence in Food Quality and Sources
- Track 12-2Agroecology
- Track 12-3Crop Biodiversity
- Track 12-4Economic Consequences
Carbon cycle is the Substance turnover by which carbon is cycled among the atmosphere of the earth. It mainly constitutes chain of events that play a important role to make earth a suitable place for assisting life. Carbon is the key component that serves as a interconnected pathway of networks. Generally, in atmosphere carbon traces are present in the form of Carbon- dioxide and Methane. While in terrestrial biosphere there existence should be in non-living organism as Organic Carbon. Thermohaline layer exchange carbon between the two layers of oceans.
- Track 13-1CO2 in Earthâ€™s Atmosphere
- Track 13-2Arctic Methane Emission
- Track 13-3Carbon Footprint
- Track 13-4Thermohaline Layer
Carbon- dioxide, a gaseous component that has the main role of increasing Greenhouse gases and a main cause for Global warming. This gaseous substance has high impacts and it increase due to the various human factors that influence the climate change. The way toward Capturing and partition includes the gathering of carbon-dioxide emanating from consuming of non-renewable energy sources and storing it in where it won't enter the air. It is also known as Carbon Sequestration. Carbon capture mainly involves the three stages of capture such as post combustion capture, pre combustion and oxy-fuel combustion.
- Track 14-1Absorption, Adsorption or Membrane Gas Separation
- Track 14-2Direct Air Capture
- Track 14-3Transportation
- Track 14-4Recovery
- Track 14-5Monitoring Sequestration Sites
Atmosphere Changes in water bodies, for example, ocean, sea, lakes, streams for the most part happen over any longer eras when contrasted with the climate, where storms, violent winds, thunders can shape and disperse in a day. The current connection between the water bodies, the energies, the farming terrains and the atmosphere is a striking huge one. Environmental change is a wonder that we can never again deny it as its belongings have turned out to be tremendous apparent worldwide while having eye on the rundown of hottest years on record, and, as indicated by NASA and NOAA information, 2015 was the most blazing. The Interactions between the water bodies and atmosphere happen continuously completed various months to years, in this manner does the improvement of water inside the oceans, including the mixing of significant and shallow waters. In this way, examples can hang on for a significant long time, many years, or more.
- Track 15-1Coral Bleaching
- Track 15-2Coastal Corrosion
- Track 15-3Melting of Glaciers
- Track 15-4Thermal Expansion
- Track 15-5GIS Application
Relocation, climate change and natural components are between related as the debasement and deterioration in ecological elements cause movement of the general population that may influence the encompassing biological community. Emigration is always seems to be a failure to adapt a changing environment. Developing economy countries are currently trying to distinguish openings and related monetary, specialized, and strategy prerequisites to push toward a low carbon pathway.
- Track 16-1Interwoven Factors
- Track 16-2Climate Refugees
- Track 16-3Planned Relocation
- Track 16-4Disaster Risk Reduction
The step by step expanding of an unnatural weather change can be distressing and discouraging. What would one individual be able to, or one country do alone to back off and control environmental change? Fortunately, every individual knows about what causes the issue and what is the cure also and the advances what we require as of now exist. With the correct approaches at national levels, we would have the capacity to convey them on a huge scale and destroy it.
- Track 17-1Less Fossil Fuel Burning
- Track 17-2Use Less Transportation
- Track 17-3Stop Cutting Down Trees
- Track 17-4Unplug Devices When not in Use
- Track 17-5Industrial Upgradation
- Track 17-6Improved Carbon Capture
The ecological change raises noteworthy social, regular Further genuine tests. The administration system applying will be ecological change might bewilder Furthermore multi-level. A concentration issue is overall law. Furthermore technique will be the means by which countries of the globe on the off chance that it circulates the inconvenience of keeping an eye on overall ecological change. Countries around the globe need to take basic activities and choices to handle this essential issue of environmental change. A focal issue in universal law and strategy is the way nations of the world should allow the weight of tending to worldwide environmental change. Countries around the planet need to take strict activities and choices to handle this critical issue of climate change.
- Track 18-1Climate Change Act 2016(Mitigation and Adaptation Framework)
- Track 18-2Energy Act 2006
- Track 18-3National Environmental Policy 2013
- Track 18-4National Policy for Disaster Management